Tag Archives: Hints

Microsoft 365 Q&A

Q: What permission or role is required to get search Usage analytics reports
A: To see Microsoft 365 Search and intelligence usage analytics reports you’d need “Global reader” or “Search editor” role.

Q: What permission or role is required to get access to Search Feedback under Microsoft 365 admin center – Settings – Search & intelligence – Insights – Feedback
A: You’d need at least “Global reader” or “Search editor” role.

Track SharePoint App-only Service Principals in Microsoft 365

Scenario

Developers in the organization can use both – Azure Apps and SharePoint Apps to work with SharePoint sites in their “daemon” applications.

It is recommended to use Azure apps so, you want to know – what are SharePoint Apps registered and their owners, who registered SharePoint Apps. Eventually you would disable SharePoint Apps-only principal but before that you’d move Devs from SP-App-only to Azure App (see Disable Custom App Authentication).

(SharePoint App-only service principals aka SP-App-Only are SPN or App registered from within SharePoint using AppRegNew.aspx system page).

One of the approaches – track Apps/Owners with Unified Audit Log

Use Unified Audit Logs

The following PowerShell code:

$operations = 'Add service principal.'
$recordType = 'AzureActiveDirectory'
Search-UnifiedAuditLog -StartDate $start -EndDate $end -ResultSize $resultSize -Formatted -Operations $operations -RecordType $recordType

returns events with operation = ‘Add service principal.’ Nice, but…
if an app was registered in Azure – event contains an UPN under UserIds property:

Unfortunately, in case with registering app in SharePoint, an audit log event will be like:

i.e. UserId registerd is “spo_service@support.onmicrosoft.com”, so we do not know who registered a SharePoint-only app

In theory – we could use events recorded immediately before and after “Add service principal” event to track a user and site who has registered a SharePoint-only app… But for me it seems like too complicated for automation.

Instead we can do simple search through audit log for events “AppRegNew.aspx page visited”. This gives us a good approximation of who registered SP-App-only principal. Worst scenario – we reach more people than we really need (including those who started registering sp-app-only but did not complete) but all of them would be definitely our target auditory.

Consider the following code:

$freeText = "appregnew"
$operations = 'PageViewed'
$recordType = 'SharePoint'

$results = Search-UnifiedAuditLog -StartDate $start -EndDate $end -ResultSize $resultSize -FreeText $freeText -Operations $operations -RecordType $recordType 

this would give you all users who loaded “/_layouts/15/appregnew.aspx” page

Update: Sites.Selected API MS Graph permissions was introduced by Microsoft in 2021. It was a good move towards site-level development, but still developers were limited with only what MS Graph API provides for SharePoint dev.
So devs had to use AppInv.aspx at site level to provide ACS permissions to their apps to be able to use SharePoint CSOM and REST APIs.
Recently Microsoft introduced Sites.Selected SharePoint API permissions for registered Azure Apps! So now devs should be fully happy without ACS-based permissions.

References

Power Apps functions/code hints

OnNew:
Set(SharePointFormMode, “NewForm”); NewForm(formNew); Navigate(screenNew, ScreenTransition.None)

OnEdit:
Set(SharePointFormMode, “EditForm”); EditForm(formEdit); Navigate(screenEdit, ScreenTransition.None)

OnView:
Set(SharePointFormMode, “ViewForm”); ViewForm(formView); Navigate(screenView, ScreenTransition.None)

OnSave – If(SharePointFormMode=”CreateForm”, SubmitForm(CreateItemForm), If(SharePointFormMode=”EditForm”, SubmitForm(EditItemForm)))

OnCancel – If(SharePointFormMode=”CreateForm”, ResetForm(CreateItemForm), If(SharePointFormMode=”EditForm”, ResetForm(EditItemForm)))

PnP.PowerShell Batches and PowerShell 7 Parallel

Parallelism

Can I use PowerShell 7 “-Parallel” option against SharePoint list items with PnP.PowerShell? Can I run something like:

$items | ForEach-Object -Parallel {
    $listItem = Set-PnPListItem -List "LargeList" -Identity $_ -Values @{"Number" = $(Get-Random -Minimum 100 -Maximum 200 ) }
} 

Yes, sure… But! Since it’s a cloud operation against Microsoft 365 – you will be throttled if you start more than 2 parallel threads! Using just 2 threads does not provide significant performance improvements.

Batching

So, try PnP.PowerShell batches instead. When you use batching, number of requests to the server are much lower. Consider something like:

$batch = New-PnPBatch
1..100 | ForEach-Object{ Add-PnPListItem -List "ItemTest" -Values @{"Title"="Test Item Batched $_"} -Batch $batch }
Invoke-PnPBatch -Batch $batch


Measurements

Adding and setting 100 items with “Add-PnPListItem” and “Set-PnPListItem” in a large (more than 5000 items ) SharePoint list measurements:

Add-PnPListItem
Time per item, seconds
Set-PnPListItem
Time per item, seconds
Regular, without batching1.261.55
Using batches (New-PnPBatch)0.100.80
Using “Parallel” option, with ThrottleLimit 20.690.79
Using “Parallel” option, with ThrottleLimit 30.44 (fails level: ~4/100) 0.53 (fails level: ~3/100)

Adding items with PnP.PowerShell batching is much faster than without batching.

More:

How to delete a large SPO list and/or all items in a large SPO list

Scenario 1: You have a large (>5k items) list in SharePoint Online.
You need to delete this list.

Scenario 2: You have a large (>5k items) list in SharePoint Online.
You need to delete all the list items, but keep the list.

Deleting a large SharePoint Online list

GUI: Microsoft improved SharePoint, so now it takes ~1 second to delete any SharePoint list, including 5000+ items list via GUI.

PowerShell: “Remove-PnPList -Identity $list” command works very fast – ~1 second to delete entire list with >5000 items.

Delete all items in a large SharePoint Online list

In this scenario we need to keep the list, but make it empty (clean it out).

GUI: You can change the list view settings “Item Limit” to <5000, but (at least in my experience) when you try to select, let say, 1000 items and delete them via GUI – it says “775 items were not deleted from large list”:

so this option seems like not a good one.

ShareGate: 3-rd party tools like Sharegate, SysKit give a good results too.

PowerShell

Try this PowerShell command with ScriptBlock:

Get-PnPListItem -List $list -Fields "ID" -PageSize 100 -ScriptBlock { Param($items) $items | Sort-Object -Property Id -Descending | ForEach-Object{ $_.DeleteObject() } } 

or this PowerShell with batches:

$batch = New-PnPBatch
1..12000 | Foreach-Object { Remove-PnPListItem -List $list -Identity $_ -Batch $batch }
Invoke-PnPBatch -Batch $batch

for me both methods gave same good result: ~17 items per second ( ~7 times faster than regular).

PnP.PowerShell batch vs ScriptBlock

How fast are PnP batches? What is better in terms of performance – ScriptBlock or Batching? Here are my measurements:

Time elapsed, secondswith batcheswith scriptBlockwithout batches
Add-PnPListItem (100 items)4-10 seconds42-120 seconds
Add-PnPListItem (500 items)20-40 seconds230-600 seconds
Add-PnPListItem (7000 items)314-560 seconds
Remove-PnPListItem (1000 items)58-103 seconds58 seconds430-1060 seconds
Remove-PnPListItem (7000 items)395-990 seconds397-980 seconds

both – PnP PowerShell batches and ScriptBlocks are 7-10 times faster than plain PnP PowerShell!

Note… For the sake of history: It used to be like that for 5k+ lists:
“Remove-PnPList” fails with a message “The attempted operation is prohibited because it exceeds the list view threshold enforced by the administrator”. Deleting with GUI fails too.

References: